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A person does not become a citizen of Canada merely because he has lived in the country for a very long period of time or even for his entire life. It is acquired by birth, by blood, by adoption, and by naturalization.


Naturalization is the legal process that transforms a permanent resident into a Canadian citizen. In order to be naturalized, the permanent resident must apply for a

grant of citizenship after certain criteria are met. Most of these applications are decided by a citizenship officer


Who can apply

To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
  • have filed your taxes, if you need to
  • pass a citizenship test
  • prove your language skills


Other requirements may apply.